Creating a Simple JavaFX Application from Scratch

Are you ready to dive into the world of desktop application development? Look no further than JavaFX! This powerful tool allows you to create beautiful, interactive graphical user interfaces with ease. And the best part? Creating a simple JavaFX application from scratch is easier than you might think.

In this tutorial, we'll walk through the steps of creating a basic JavaFX application from scratch. We'll cover everything from setting up your development environment to creating a simple user interface and adding functionality. So, let's get started!

Setting Up Your Development Environment

Before we can begin creating our JavaFX application, we need to make sure we have the necessary tools and software. Here's what you'll need:

Once you have these tools installed, you're ready to start coding!

Creating a New JavaFX Application

The first step in creating a JavaFX application is to create a new project in your IDE. In IntelliJ IDEA, simply select "New Project" from the "File" menu and choose "JavaFX" as the project type. Give your project a name and click "Finish."

Next, we need to set up our project to include the JavaFX library. To do this, go to the project settings and add the JavaFX library to the module dependencies.

Creating a Simple User Interface

Now that our project is set up, we can start creating our user interface. In JavaFX, user interfaces are created using a markup language called FXML. This allows us to separate the design and code of our application, making it easier to maintain and update.

Here's a basic FXML file that we'll use to create our user interface:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<?import javafx.scene.control.*?>
<?import javafx.scene.layout.*?>
<VBox alignment="CENTER" spacing="20" xmlns=""
    <Label text="Welcome to our JavaFX Application!" />
    <HBox alignment="CENTER" spacing="10">
        <Label text="Enter your name:" />
        <TextField fx:id="nameField" />
    <Button text="Say Hello!" onAction="#sayHello" />
    <Label fx:id="helloLabel" text="" />

This FXML file creates a simple user interface consisting of a label, a text field, a button, and another label. We'll use these components to create a basic application that greets the user by name.

Adding Functionality

With our user interface created, it's time to add some functionality! First, we'll need to create a Java class that corresponds to our FXML file.

Here's what the basic class should look like:

public class MainController {
    @FXML private Label helloLabel;
    @FXML private TextField nameField;
    public void sayHello(ActionEvent event) {
        String name = nameField.getText();
        helloLabel.setText("Hello, " + name + "!");

This class defines two instance variables, one for the "Hello" label and one for the text field. It also includes a method that is called when the button is clicked. This method gets the text from the text field and updates the label to greet the user by name.

To connect this class to our FXML file, we'll need to add a "fx:controller" attribute to our root element.

<VBox fx:controller="MainController" alignment="CENTER" spacing="20" xmlns=""

Now our FXML file knows which class to use for its functionality.

Running the Application

And now for the moment of truth! We're ready to run our new JavaFX application. In IntelliJ IDEA, simply click the "Run" button to launch the application.

If all went well, you should now see a window with our user interface. Enter your name into the text field and click the "Say Hello!" button. You should see the label update to greet you by name.

Congratulations! You've just created your first JavaFX application from scratch.


In this tutorial, we walked through the steps of creating a simple JavaFX application from scratch. We covered everything from setting up our development environment to creating a user interface and adding functionality. With a little bit of practice, you'll be creating beautiful and interactive desktop applications in no time.

Don't forget to check out the JavaFX documentation for more information and resources. Happy coding!

Editor Recommended Sites

AI and Tech News
Best Online AI Courses
Classic Writing Analysis
Tears of the Kingdom Roleplay
Cloud Service Mesh: Service mesh framework for cloud applciations
Compsci App - Best Computer Science Resources & Free university computer science courses: Learn computer science online for free
Networking Place: Networking social network, similar to linked-in, but for your business and consulting services
Flutter Design: Flutter course on material design, flutter design best practice and design principles
WebLLM - Run large language models in the browser & Browser transformer models: Run Large language models from your browser. Browser llama / alpaca, chatgpt open source models